Festivals

Wish you a very happy Kabir Das Jyanti

KABIR DAS
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Mahan Sant Kabir Das Ji

Kabir bhart ke paratham vidrohi sant the, mahatma kabir ke samay mein samaj aise chauhrahe par khada tha jaha charo aur dharmik pakhand, jat-pat, chuachut, andhshardha se bhare karmkand, maulavi, mulla aur pandit-purohito ka dhong aur sampardayic charam par tha.

Aam janta dharm ke naam par digbharmit thi dharm ke swach aur nirmal akaash mein dhong-pakhand, hinsa  adharm wa anyaye ke badal chaye huye the usi kaal mein andhviswas,  andhshardha ko chir kar kabir rupi dhakte surya ka prakat  bhartiye kshitij mein hua.

Vaise sant kabir das ji ke janam ka sahi se pata nahi chalta parantu, par kayi vidhavano ke aadhar par kabir das ka janam 1440 tatha mertu vikram savant 1518 mana gaya hai.

Kabir daas ki jivani

Kabir ek aisi shakhshiyat jisne kabhi shastr nahi pada phir bhi gyaniyo ki sherni mein sarvopari hai kabir naam bhale hi chota hai lekin yeh ek naam bharat ki wo atama hai jisne rudiyo aur karmkando se mukat bharat ki rachna ki kabir wo pahchan hai jinhone jati varg ki  deewar ko girakar ek adhbhut sansar ki kalpana ki.

 

Born      :   1440, Varanasi

SANT KABIR DAS JI

Died      :   1518, maghar

Movies    :   seers and clowns yes we can

Children   :   Kamaal, Kamali  

 

 

 

Manavatawadi व्यावहारिक  dhakte surya ka prakat bhartiye kshitij  mein hua. dharm ko badhava dene wale Kabir das ji ka janam santhna ( सन्तना ) 1440 mein jesth Purnima ke din Varanasi (वाराणसी ) ke nikat Lahatara namak sthan par hua tha. kabir ke janam ke sambandh mein anek kivadnitya hai kuch logon ke anusar voh  Ramanand swami ke ashirwad se kashi ki ek vidhava bhrmami ke ghar paida huye the, jisko bhul se Ramanand ji ne putrvati hone ka ashirwad de diya tha bhramani ne lok laj ke dar se unhe Lahtara talab ke paas fek diya phir inka Neeru aur Nima naam ke julah ne palan posan kiya aur inka naam Kabir rakha.  

 

Kabir ne स्वयं  ko julahe ke ruup mein prastut kiya hai.

         “jati julaha naam kabira

          Bani bani firo udasi”

 

Kabir panthiyo ki manyata hai ki kabir janam se musalman the aur fir shwami Ramanand ke parbhav se unhe hindu dharm ka gayan hua.

Kaha jata hai ki ek din kabir panchganga ghat ki shidhiyo par gir pade the, Rramanand ji usi samay ganga sanaan karne ke liye sidhiya utar rahe the ki unka pair kabir ke sharir par pad gaya tabhi unke mukh se “Ram-Ram” nikal pada usi Ram ko kabir ne diksha mantr maan liya aur Ramanand ji ko apna guru shwikar liya kabir ke hi shabdo me :- “ham kashi mein pargat bhaye hai, ramanand chetaye” anay janshurtiyo se gyat ( ज्ञात ) hota hai ki kabir ne hindu-mushlman ka bhed mita kar hindu-bhakto tatha musalman fakiro ka satsang kiya aur done ki acchi baato ko aatamsat (आत्मसात )kar diya.

 

Kabir ko Kabir panth mein, baal bharmchari mana gaya hai is panth ke anusar kamaal uska shisye tha aur Kamali aur loi unki shisya. Loi sabd ka paryog Kabir ne ek jagha kambal ke ruup mein bhi kiya hai. Vastuta Kabir das ki patni aur santan dono the.

Ek jagha loi ko  pukar kar Kabir kehte hai

           “kahata Kabir sunahu re loi

            Hari bin rakhan har na koi”

 

Kabir padhe likhe nahi the

     “Masi kagad chuo nahi, kalam gahi nahi haath”

 

Voh  svym(स्वयं ) granth nahi likhte the mukh se bolte the aur unke shisye use likh dete the. Unke samast vicharo mein ram naam ki mahima partidhavani hoti hai voh ek hi ishwar ko mante the aur karmkand ke ghor virodhi the awathar(अवतार ), murti, roja, id, masjid, mandir aadi ko voh nahi mante the.

 

Kabir parmatama ko mitr, mata-pita aur pati ke ruup mein dekhte the yahi toh manusy ke sabse nikat rehte hai voh kabhi kehte the

            “Hari mor piu, mai ram ki bahuriya’ to

             kabhi kahte, hari janani mai balak tora”

 

Kabir ka pura jeevan kashi mein hi gujara, lekin voh marne ke samay maghad chale gaye wah na chahkar bhi magad chale gaye the verdhavashta (वर्धवाश्क्ता) mein yash kirti ki maar ne unhe bahut कष्ट diya usi halat mein unhone banaras choda aur aatamnirichad (आत्मनिरिछाड़)  aur aatamparichad dene ke liye desh ke vibhinn bhag ki yatraye ki aur maghad chale gaye.

 

Kaha jata hai ki kabir ke shatruyo ne unhe maghad jane ke liye majbur kiya voh chahte the ki unhe mukti na mile prantu kabir toh kashi mein marne se nahi, balki ram ki bhakati se mukati pana chahte the.

                  “jau kashi tan tajai kabira

                   To ramai kon nihota”

 

119 vars ki avastha mein maghad mein hi kabhi das ka dehant ho gaya. Kabir das ji ka vayaktithv (व्यक्तित्व ) sant kaviyo mein adivitiy hai hindi sahity ke 1200 varsho ke history mein gosavami tulsidas ji ke atirikat itna partibhashali vaykatitv kisi kavi ka bhi nahi hai jitna ki sant kabir das ji ka hai.

 

Kabir aadambaro ke virodhi the murti  pooja  ko lakshy karti unki ek sakhi hai

               “Pahan pooje hari mile, to mai pujaupahar

               Tha te to chaki bhali, jase pisi khay sansar”

 

Kabir ki rachna

Kabir ke naam se mile grantho ki sankhya bhinn-bhinn lekho ke anusar bhinn-bhinn hai H.H. Vilsan ke anusar kabir ke naam par 8 granth hai Vishap G.H. Vstcot ne kabir ke 84 grantho ki suchi prastut ki to Ramdas Gaud ne ‘hindutav’ me inki 71 pustake ginayi hai.

 

Kabir ki vani sangrah ‘beejak’ naam se parsidh hai iske 3 bhag hai  –  ramaini, sabad aur sarvi

yah panjabi, rajysthani, khadi boli, avadhi, purabi, varjbhasa aadi kai bhasavo ki khichadi hai.

 

Kabir ke dohe

Kabir ke dohe sabse parshidh aur lokpriye hai. Inke kuch parshidh dohe :-

Jo is parkar hai –

                          “Bura jo dekhan mai chala bura na milaya koi,

                          Jo dil khojan aapna mujhse bura na koy”

Isme kabir das ji ne bataya hai ki is sansar mein kisi mein bhi burayi nahi dhundhani chahiye jo kisi mein burayi dhundhata hai usse bura koi nahi hota isliye dusro ki burayi dekhne se pehle apne ko dekhna chahiye aur khud ko sudharna chahiye.

 

                           “Pothi padhi padhi jag mua, pandit bhaya na koy,

                           Dhai achar prem ka jo padhe so pandit hoy”

Isme bataya gaya hai ki koi bhi vaykati uchh gayan pa lene se vidhvan nahi kehlata hai jab tab use pyaar ki bhasha nahi aati jisne prem ko jaan liya, jise prem ki bhasha ka gayan ho gaya voh bina padhe hi gayani ban jata hai.

 

                            “Mati kahe kumhar se tu kaya raunde moy,

                            Ek din aisa aayega mai raudungi toy”

Bahut hi badi baat ko kabir daas ji ne badi hi sahjata se keh diya hai. Unhone kumhar aur uski kala ko lekar kaha hai ki mitti ek din kumhar se kehti hai ki, tu kya mujhe kut-kut kar aakar de raha hai ek din aisa aayega jab tu khud hi mujhme milkar nirakar ho jayega isse yeh samjhaya gaya hai ki ek din har insan ko mitti mein hi milna hai toh ghamand (घमंड ) kyu karta hai.

 

                        “Bada hua to key hua jaise ped khajur”

Yahan kabir das ji ne bataya hai anmol sabd kahe hai ki kad hone se koi bhi vaykti bada nahi hota, kyonki bada toh khajur ka ped bhi hota hai parantu khajur ka ped rahgir ko do  pal sukun nahi se sakta usi tarha bada hone se koi fayda nahi hai bada toh insaan apne dil aur karmo se hota hai phir wah kitna bhi chota kyu na ho.

                                “Maya mari na mai mara mar mar gaya sharir,

                                Aasha tershna na mari kah gaye daas kabir”

Kavivar Kabir das ji kehte hai ki manusy ka sab kuch nast ho jata hai yahan tak ki uska sharir bhi nast ho jata hai, par uske ander ki moh maya ka jo bandhan hai voh kabhi nahi marti  arthart (अर्थात ) is duniya ko moh maya ke bandhan ko tyaag dena chahiye aur ram rupi maya ko apna lena chahiye.

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Shree krishan

 

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